What do people want when they’re reading nonfiction?
- To become more informed
- To enjoy themselves if the text is in a less formal style
- To feel respected
How is clarity achieved?
- By presenting information in the way that readers expect it to be presented
- By explaining notions, concepts or ideas that will be new to the reader
- By using vocabulary that the reader mostly knows
How do readers expect information to be presented?
- They expect to learn about only one topic. It can be or .
- They expect all the sentences in the text to develop only that topic.
- They expect sentences that name different aspects of the topic.
- These sentences can be statements or questions.
- They expect these aspects to be developed one at a time. Otherwise things can get confusing.
- They expect only one aspect in each paragraph.
- They expect sentences that say more about each aspect.
- They expect one or more paragraphs for the sentences that say more about each aspect.
- How many depends on how many sentences there are and what type of text it is.
- They expect a certain kind of introduction and a certain kind of conclusion. It depends on what type of text it is.
- They expect words, phrases and sentences that help guide the reader through the text.
- These phrases and sentences can say what to expect next.
- They can remind the reader of what has already been said.
- They can say how the details relate to each other.
How can I help my reader with a tricky word or idea, but in a quiet sort of way?
- By putting an explanation in between dashes in a sentence
How do I make sure my reader will become more informed?
- Know what they already know. Tell them something new.
If my text is less formal, how do I make my readers enjoy themselves?
- Get them to want to spend time with you. Use one or more of these strategies:
How do I make sure my reader feels respected?